Informal Wills

Informal WillsIn order to make a valid Will, there are two basic requirements:

  1. The Will must be in writing.
  2. The Will must be signed in front of two witnesses.

The Wills Act 1997 sets out further obligations on how to comply with the above requirements which can be quite technical.

There are ways to prove a Will that does not comply with the requirements under the Wills Act. If the Registrar of the Probate Office is satisfied that the deceased intended the document to be their Will, they may admit that document to probate. However, in order to satisfy the Registrar, evidence as to the testamentary capacity of the deceased person will be required. Generally, that means obtaining an affidavit from a doctor that was treating the deceased person around the time they wrote their informal Will. This might seem easy but if they died suddenly and had not been previously unwell, it is possible they may not have seen a doctor in the six months around the date they wrote their Will. A doctor will usually then refuse to provide an affidavit in those circumstances.

Also, if the informal Will revokes a previous Will and is significantly different from the previous Will, the Court may require consents from those people who would be affected by the decision to admit the informal Will. For example, if the deceased had a previous Will giving everything to their spouse and then wrote an informal Will after their separation omitting their spouse from their Will, the Court may require consent from the spouse. This may cause difficulties if the spouse refuses to give their consent, knowing that they will benefit from the previous Will being admitted.

These requirements around informal Wills also apply to amendments or Codicils to Wills.

A Will that complies with the Wills Act is usually very easy to admit to probate. Trying to prove an informal Will can be time-consuming and expensive. Those extra costs are borne by the estate which then leaves less to the beneficiaries of the Will. If the Registrar is not satisfied that the informal Will was intended to be the deceased’s Will, either the previous Will will need to be proved instead or the rules of intestacy will apply.

If you want to make a Will, or change an existing Will, it is also best to seek advice from a lawyer to ensure there are no problems for your family later on.